Oral surgery includes tooth extraction, surgical removal of impacted wisdom tooth, dental implant surgery, crown lengthening and pre-prosthetic surgery.
Wisdom Tooth Surgery is a minor surgical procedure for impacted or buried wisdom tooth. Wisdom teeth are the third permanent molars and are the last teeth develop.
Removing of wisdom teeth may be necessary if any of the problems occur:
- Your jaw may not be large enough for them, and they may become impacted and unable to break through your gums, hence causing pain and discomfort.
- Your wisdom teeth may break halfway through your gums, causing a flap of gum tissue to grow over them. Food and germs can get trapped under the flap and cause your gums to become red, swollen, and painful. These are signs of infection.
- Your toothbrush may not be able to reach the wisdom tooth area to clean the wisdom tooth area well, hence causing tooth decay.
With the use of local anesthesia injection prior to the surgery, the procedure is essentially painless. The surgery procedure involves uncovering the tooth by lifting the overlying gum aside to espose the tooth and bone. The tooth may need to be sectioned in order to remove it. The gums are then stitched back in place,and normally takes about a week or so to heal.
Pre-prosthetic Surgery involves the:
- removal of impacted teeth
- difficult extractions
- exposure of teeth for orthodontic reasons
- surgical building of bone in preparation for a dental prosthesis
Diseases of the jawbone and soft tissue are also treated through this type of procedure. The goal of pre-prosthetic surgery is to prepare the mouth for final restoration, with either removable or non-removable dental appliances.