Types of Braces and Appliances used for Straightening Teeth

Posted on March 1, 2015 in Dental Education

Types of Braces and Appliances for Straightening Teeth

Do you know that dental braces was first started in the early 20th century. Till now, braces are still the primary means for straightening teeth and correcting misaligned bites. Fortunately time has evolved and now we see many more options available.

There are typically four types of braces:

  • Stainless steel: these are the conventional and most value-for-money
  • Ceramic: these can give a clear or tooth-colored appearance to the braces.
  • Invisible braces: Clear, invisible aligners can straighten teeth without using conventional braces and wires.
  • Lingual braces: instead of fixing the braces on the outside of the teeth, they can be fixed on the inside of your teeth, hence hiding them from public view.


Other appliances used in orthodontics include:

TADs: Temporary anchorage devices (TADs) are mini-screws ranging from 6 to 12 millimeters in length and 1.2 to 2 millimeters in diameter. When needed they may be temporarily fixed to bone in the mouth to provide a fixed point from which to apply force to move teeth. TADs allow for more predictable tooth control. They are becoming more common in orthodontic treatment.

Rubber bands: Rubber or elastic bands are used when more force is needed to move the teeth and jaws into the desired position. You can choose your favorite color. Many kids choose their school colors or decorate their mouth during holidays (for example, red and green for Christmas).Xmasbraces

Headgear: Some people can benefit from using headgear. The appliance is attached to the braces from the back of the head and can be removed. As with rubber bands, headgear are used when extra force is needed to move the teeth and jaws. If a headgear is needed, it usually only has to be worn at night while sleeping or at home.

Our Alpha Dental orthodontic dentists will be able to recommend the suitable appliances based on your oral condition.